Covering an area of 16330 Sq.Km.,at altitude of 1203 meters from sea-level,lies the city of Yazd. In a wide dry vally between the two mountains of Shirkuh,the highest mountain of the region with the height of 4075 m., and Kharanegh. This makes the city tolerate a semi-plain climate, of dry hot-summer and dry cold winters.
Due to this particular natural conditions, the water is supplied through 1751 Qanats and deep wells.Because of such shortage and deficiency of water, the province has a tendency for industry ratherthan agriculture of zone.For this reason, textile industries and handicrafts in this province have had considerable progress among which cashmeres, carpets and pileless rugs,etc... are to be mentioned.
Yazd is Known as the capital of Kavir. The name of Yazd appears in historical documents for the first time along with the name of Chitar Tokhmeh who was one of the adversaries of Dariush.Historain have used the original construction of the city goes to the pre-Islamic period.