Mohammad Gharib was born in Tehran,Iran, on July
After completing high school in 1927, he went to Reims, France,
where he studied at Ecole de Medecine de Reims for 2 years and
then enrolled at the Paris University Medical School. An honor
student at the medical school, he passed the difficult
examinations for an externship and . later those for the coveted
and highly competitive interne des hospitaux de Paris.
He received an M.D. degree in 1937 and, after 1 year of
training in pediatrics with Professor Ribadeau-Dumas at
Salpetrier Hospital in Paris , returned home.
On his return to Iran, Dr Gharib was appointed the first
professor of pediatrics at Tehran University by Dr. Charles
Oberling, a French educator who was dean of the medical school.
Subsequently, Dr. Gharib became chairman of the pediatrics
department, a post he held until 1975. In 1941, he was
the author of the first Iranian textbook on diseases of children.
Throughout his career, he edited or co edited numerous volumes
on pediatric problems and progress in Iran and published many
articles in Iranian, French, and American medical journals.
He also maintained a thriving pediatrics practice that usually
focused on problem cases.
During a span of 37 years, Dr. Gharib taught the medicine of
childhood to thousands of undergraduate and graduate students.
Many of his pupils subsequently held important positions in
Iranian medical education, including the chairmanship of most of
the pediatrics departments in the numerous medical schools in
Iran. Because of his endeavors and influence, the field was
recognized as a specialty in 1950 and in Pediatrics Specialty
Board was created in 1955. In 1960, he and his colleagues
founded the Iranian Pediatrics Society, of which he was
president until 1974. He was a member of the Advisory Board
of the International Pediatrics Association from 1968 to
1974. In 1970, he was instrumental in the planning and building
of the 150-bed Children's Hospital Medical Center in Tehran, and
he served as its medical director from 1971 to 1975.
Dr. Gharib was respected as an effective, colorful, and
extremely popular teacher by his students; recognized as a
superb clinician by his colleagues; and regarded as a dedicated
physician by his patient. He was an influential figure in modern
Iranian medicine and regarded by the medical community as the
"Father of Iranian Pediatrics". In recognition of his
impressive achievements, the French government conferred on him
the Cross of the Chevalier Legion d'Honneur (Legion of I Ionor)
in 1954.The American magazine M.D., in a series of articles on
prominent physicians worldwide, featured Dr. Gharib of Iran in
its May 1965 issue. Every year, his colleagues and the Iranian
Pediatric Society commemorate him by a weeklong seminar entitled
"Doctor Gharib Memorial Pediatric
In 1972, Dr. Gharib underwent surgical treatment and
radiotherapy for bladder carcinoma. He died of recurrent cancer
in Tehran on Jan. 20, 1975. For his lifetime of service , he was
honored on a stamp issued by Iran on Oct. 10, 1991.