Necrotizing Enterololitis (NEC) is Serious
inflamatory gastroinestinal (GI) disease of the newborn it is the most common
Cause of GI urgencies in the neonatal Period with high mortality and morbidity
rates. This retrospective descriptional study was done to determine some of its
epidemiologic figures in the two aforementioned centres.
There were 48 cases of NEC at various stages in
the NICUS of the Two centres during This three years. The clinical records of
all of them were addressed . the incidence of NEC was 3.5% While prematurity
(87.5%) and VLBW (62.5%) Were the most common risk factors and the incidence of
VLBW and gestational age Lower than 32 Weeks Was more prominent in the Severe
forms of the disease.
Other epidemiologic Variables such as mean Birth
weight ( 1640+-418 g ) . mean gesta tional age (31.4+-3.9 Weeks ) , mean
Postnatal age ( 13.3+-5.7 days ) enteral feading situation and mortality rate
Were similar to those of texts and literature.
Necrotizing Enteroclitis – Prematurity – VLBW - Epidemioligy